• How to add space in Python

    how to add space in python

    In this tutorial, we will be discussing how to add space in python. Adding space between variable, string increase the readability while displaying the output of the program. We can add space in python between two variables, strings, and lines.

    The rjust() method in python returns a new string. The length of the new string is provided as the input parameter. The length is increased by adding character at the left side of the original string.

    Syntax

    string.rjust(length, character)

    length – It is the length of the modified string. If the length provided is less or equal to the original string, the original string is returned.

    character –  The character parameter is optional. The given character is used to do padding at the left side of the string. The default value of character is space.

    Hence when we want to add ‘n’ number of space at the beginning of string we provide the  length equal to n + len(original_string)

    Python Examples:-

    # Python program to add space at end of the string using ljust() method
    
    # Defining the string
    demo_string = "My Programming Tutorial"
    
    # required length of string after adding space
    # where 5 is number of space to be added
    required_length = len(demo_string) + 5
    
    # Using rjust() method
    # Not providing padding character because default character is space
    modified_string = demo_string.ljust(required_length)
    
    # Printing modified_string
    print(modified_string)

    Output:

         My Programming Tutorial

    Here in output 5 spaces are added at the start of the given input string.

    How to add space at end of string in python using ljust()

    To add space in python, at the end of the string we use ljust() method. The ljust() method in python returns a new string. a new string. The length of the new string is provided as input. The length is increased by adding character at the right side of the original string.

    Syntax

    string.ljust(length, character)

    length – It is the length of the modified string. If the length provided is less or equal to the original string, the original string is returned.

    character –  The character parameter is optional. The given character is used to do padding at the right side of the string. The default value of character is space.

    Hence when we want to add ‘n’ number of space at the beginning of string we provide the  length equal to n + len(original_string)

    Python Examples:-

    # Python program to add space at beginning of the string using rjust() method
    
    # Defining the string
    demo_string = "My Programming Tutorial"
    
    # required length of string after adding space
    # where 5 is number of space to be added
    required_length = len(demo_string) + 10
    
    # Using rjust() method
    # Not providing padding character becuase default character is space
    modified_string = demo_string.center(required_length)
    
    # Printing modified_string
    print(modified_string)

    Output:

    My Programming Tutorial     

    Here in output 5 spaces are added at end of the given input string.

    How to add space at both ends of string in python using center()

    To add space in python, at both ends of the string we use center() method. The center() method in python returns a new string. The length of the new string is provided as input. The length is increased by adding characters on both sides of the original string.

    Syntax

    string.center(length, character)

    length – It is the length of the modified string. If the length provided is less or equal to the original string, the original string is returned.

    character –  The character parameter is optional. The given character is used to do padding at both sides of the string. The default value of character is space.

    Hence when we want to add ‘n’ number of space at the beginning of string we provide the  length equal to n + len(original_string)

    Python Examples:-

    # Python program to add space at both ends of the string using center() method
    
    # Defining the string
    demo_string = "My Programming Tutorial"
    
    # required length of string after adding space
    # where 5 is number of space to be added
    required_length = len(demo_string) + 10
    
    # Using rjust() method
    # Not providing padding character becuase default character is space
    modified_string = demo_string.center(required_length)
    
    # Printing modified_string
    print(modified_string)

    Output:

         My Programming Tutorial     

    Here in output 5 spaces are added at both the ends of the given input string.

    How to add space between two variables in python while printing

    In Python, we can add space between variables while printing in two ways – 

    1. Listing the variables in print() separated by a comma ” , “. For Example – print(a, b)
    2. Using format() function in print.

    To know about format function you can visit this. Both methods are shown below with examples.

    Python examples:

    # Python program to add space at variables in print()
    
    # Defining the variables
    demo_string = "My age is"
    age = 23
    
    # Listing variable variable separated by comma in print()
    print("Using print and listing variables separated by comma")
    print(demo_string, age)
    print()
    # Using format function with print()
    print("Using format function with print")
    print("{0} {1}".format(demo_string, age))

    Output:

    Using print and listing variables separated by comma
    My age is 23

    Using format function with print
    My age is 23

    How to add space between lines in python while printing

    To add space in python between two lines or paragraphs we can use the new line character i.e “\n”. 

    Python Examples

    # Using \n to add space between two lines in python
    print("Hello World.\nWelcome to My Programming Tutorial..!")

    Output:

    Hello World
    Welcome to My Programming Tutorial..!

    How to add space in python using for loop

    In this, we will be discussing how to add space in python using for loop. We consider the problem statement as

    Input = ["I", "am", "learning", "to", "code", "in", "Python"]
    Output - I am learning to code in Python

    To print the list elements separate by space we can use for loop and print the element with the end character as space.

    By default print() in Python ends with a new line character. The print() function has a parameter called as end which can be used to specify a character that prints at the end instead of a newline character.

    Python Code:

    # Defining input string in a list
    input_strings = ["I", "am", "learning", "to", "code", "in", "Python"]
    
    # Using for loop to iterate over input_strings
    # Pritning each string with end character as space
    for sting in input_strings:
        print(sting, end = " ")

    Output:

     I am learning to code in Python 

    Conclusion

    We add space in string in python by using rjust(), ljust(), center() method. To add space between variables in python we can use print() and list the variables separate them by using a comma or by using the format() function.

    About Author
    Siddhesh Jadhav

    I am Passionate Computer Engineer. Writing articles about programming problems and concepts allows me to follow my passion for programming and helping others.